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Fatima salope sex friend gratuitCitation needed The spelled-out form of an acronym or initialism (that is, what it stands for) is called its expansion. 120: Under the heading "Types of Abbreviation this article separately lists initialisms and acronyms, describing the latter as "Initialisms pronounced as single words but adds, "However, some linguists do not recognize a sharp distinction between acronyms and initialisms, but use the former term for both.". "Nooit opgegeven, al 95 jaar doorgezet!" (in Dutch). 66 Anacronyms (note well -acro- ) should not be homophonously confused with anachronyms (note well -chron- which are a type of misnomer. The extension of such contraction to a pervasive or whimsical degree has been mockingly labeled Aküfi (for Abkürzungsfimmel, strange habit of abbreviating). Grammatical markers were abbreviated or left out entirely if they could be inferred from the rest of the text. Galway RTC became Galway-Mayo Institute of Technology (gmit as opposed to Galway Institute of Technology ( GIT ). Before Christ, is English-sourced.K., a term of disputed origin, dating back at least to the early 19th century, now used around the world The earliest example of a word derived from an acronym listed by the OED is "abjud" (now " abjad formed from. Navy, is "comcrudespac which stands for "commander, cruisers destroyers Pacific it is also seen as "ComCruDesPac". I must be growing old. In some languages, the convention of doubling the letters in the acronym is used to indicate plural words: for example, the Spanish.
Comparing a few examples of each type edit Pronounced as a word, containing only initial letters nato : "North Atlantic Treaty Organization" Scuba : "self-contained underwater breathing apparatus" Laser : "light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation" GIF : "graphics interchange format" Pronounced. Use all capitals if an abbreviation is pronounced as the individual letters (an initialism BBC, CEO, US, VAT, etc; if it is an acronym (pronounced as a word) spell out with initial capital, eg Nasa, Nato, Unicef, unless it can be considered to have entered. This was just one of many kinds of conventional scribal abbreviation, used to reduce the time-consuming workload of the scribe and save on valuable writing materials. "Genzyme Transgenics Corporation" became "GTC Biotherapeutics, Inc." in order to reduce perceived corporate risk of sabotage/vandalism by Luddite activists. Some examples of recursive acronyms are: GNU stands for "GNU's Not Unix!" lame stands for "lame Ain't an MP3 Encoder" PHP stands for "PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor" wine stands for "wine Is Not an Emulator" hurd stands for "hird of Unix-replacing daemons where hird itself stands. There are no universal standards rencontre s region de bruxelles capitale for the multiple names for such abbreviations or for their rencontre s region de bruxelles capitale orthographic styling. A word formed by combining the initial letters of a multipart name, such as nato from North Atlantic Treaty Organization or by combining the initial letters or parts of a series of words, such as radar from radio detecting and ranging. Retrieved August 24, 2007. Some examples: DVD was originally an acronym of the unofficial term "digital video disc but is now stated by the DVD Forum as standing for "Digital Versatile Disc" GAO changed the full form of its name from "General Accounting Office" to "Government Accountability Office" GPO. Pronunciation-dependent style and case edit Some publications choose to capitalize only the first letter of acronyms, reserving all-caps styling for initialisms, writing the pronounced acronyms "Nato" and "Aids" in mixed case, but the initialisms "USA" and "FBI" in all caps. While observing this distinction has some virtue in precision, it may be lost on many people, for whom the term acronym refers to both kinds of abbreviations. Ballyhoo, Buckaroo, and Spuds. In the case of Scottish Gaelic, a lower case "h" is often added after the initial consonant; for example, BBC Scotland in the genitive case would be written as BhBC Alba, with the acronym pronounced VBC. Such terms are also called initialisms." A clearer distinction has also been drawn by Pyles Algeo (1970 2 who divided acronyms as a general category into word acronyms pronounced as words, and initialisms sounded out as letters. Acronyms are often distinguished from initialisms like FBI and NIH, whose individual letters are pronounced as separate syllables. So I remember it after all; that's at least something. Such etymologies persist in popular culture but have no factual basis in historical linguistics, and are examples of language-related urban legends. "It is not.C.B.'s fault that its name, let alone its acronym, is not a household word among European scholars" Times Literary Supp. The New York Times, for example, keeps "nato" in all capitals (while several guides in the British press may render it "Nato but uses lower case in " unicef " (from "United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund because it is more than four letters, and. Alternatively, it omitted the "Communist Party" part altogether, creating "Politburo Standing Committee" and eventually just "Standing Committee". Jalan Tol (Toll Road) Jagorawi (Jakarta-Bogor-Ciawi) and Purbaleunyi (Purwakarta-Bandung-Cileunyi Joglo Semar (Jogja-solo-semarang).
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Another term "comnavseacombatsysengsta which stands for "Commander, Naval Sea Systems Combat Engineering Station" is longer but the word "Combat" is not shortened. The common words "God" "Jesus" "Christ" and some others, would be abbreviated by their first and last letters, marked with an overline. Small-caps variant edit Small caps are sometimes used to make the run of capital letters seem less jarring to the reader. Russian edit Acronyms that use parts of words (not necessarily syllables) are commonplace in Russian as well,.g. Turabian,., A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, 7th Edition, subsection.1.2 Modern Language Association (MLA) Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th Edition 2009, subsection.2.7.g Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA 5th Edition 2001, subsection.28 Publication. 39 Current use edit Acronyms are used most often to abbreviate names of organizations and long or frequently referenced terms. The Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology Hanguk Gwahak Gisulwon ) is referred to as kaist Kaiseuteu ) in both English and Korean. The same convention is still commonly used in the inscriptions on religious icons and the stamps used to mark the eucharistic bread in Eastern Churches. The requirement of forming a word is what distinguishes an acronym from an abbreviation (or initialism as it is also called).